Wednesday, June 5, 2013

GIT : Terminal help you..and us..


Ctrl + AGo to the beginning of the line you are currently typing on
Ctrl + EGo to the end of the line you are currently typing on
Ctrl + LClears the Screen
Command + KClears the Screen
Ctrl + UClears the line before the cursor position. If you are at the end of the line, clears the entire line.
Ctrl + HSame as backspace
Ctrl + RLets you search through previously used commands
Ctrl + CKill whatever you are running
Ctrl + DExit the current shell
Ctrl + ZPuts whatever you are running into a suspended background process. fg restores it.
Ctrl + WDelete the word before the cursor
Ctrl + KClear the line after the cursor
Ctrl + TSwap the last two characters before the cursor
Esc + TSwap the last two words before the cursor
Alt + FMove cursor forward one word on the current line
Alt + BMove cursor backward one word on the current line
TabAuto-complete files and folder names


cdHome directory
cd [folder]Change directory
cd ~Home directory, e.g. ‘cd ~/folder/’
cd /Root of drive
lsShort listing
ls -lLong listing
ls -aListing incl. hidden files
ls -lhLong listing with Human readable file sizes
ls -REntire content of folder recursively
sudo [command]Run command with the security privileges of the superuser (Super User DO)
open [file]Opens a file ( as if you double clicked it )
topDisplays active processes. Press q to quit
nano [file]Opens the Terminal it’s editor
pico [file]Opens the Terminal it’s editor
clearClear screen


history nShows the stuff typed – add a number to limit the last n items
ctrl-rInteractively search through previously typed commands
![value]Execute the last command typed that starts with ‘value’
!!Execute the last command typed


touch [file]Create new file
pwdFull path to working directory
..Parent/enclosing directory, e.g.
‘ls -l ..’ = Long listing of parent directory
‘cd ../../’ = Move 2 levels up
.Current folder
catConcatenate to screen
rm [file]Remove a file, e.g. rm [file] [file]
rm -i [file]Remove with confirmation
rm -r [dir]Remove a directory and contents
rm -f [file]Force removal without confirmation
rm -i [file]Will display prompt before
cp [file] [newfile]Copy file to file
cp [file] [dir]Copy file to directory
mv [file] [new filename]Move/Rename, e.g. mv -v [file] [dir]


mkdir [dir]Create new directory
mkdir -p [dir]/[dir]Create nested directories
rmdir [dir]Remove directory ( only operates on empty directories )
rm -R [dir]Remove directory and contents

PIPES – Allows to combine multiple commands that generate output

moreOutput content delivered in screensize chunks
> [file]Push output to file, keep in mind it will get overwritten
>> [file]Append output to existing file
<Tell command to read content from a fi


[command] -hOffers help
[command] —helpOffers help
[command] helpOffers help
resetResets the terminal display
man [command]Show the help for ‘command’
whatis [command]Gives a one-line description of ‘command’

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